There are stories of ancient warlords fighting bloody battles, kings and queen suffering agonizing ends, Russian princesses leaping off buildings, fortunes ruined, careers dashed, companies bankrupted, marriages imploded—all because of sparkling stones. But while certain gems do seem to be associated with misfortune, some of the dark histories behind famous gemstones have been entirely fabricated or significantly embroidered. Nevertheless, these stories continue to fascinate. And there might be a lesson in some of these tales, too. The moral of the story here might be: If you want your jewelry to be lucky, don't start out by stealing it.
See also: Names of Vladivostok in different languages Vladivostok was first named in along with other features in the Peter the Great Gulf area by Nikolay Muravyov-Amursky. The name first applied to the bay but, following an expedition by Alexey Shefner in , was applied to the new settlement.
Qing China , which had just lost the Opium War with Britain, was unable to defend the region. The Manchu emperors of China, the Qing Dynasty, banned Han Chinese from most of Manchuria including the Vladivostok area see Willow Palisade —it was only visited by illegal gatherers of ginseng and sea cucumbers.
Shefner , called at the Golden Horn Bay to found an outpost called Vladivostok. Warrant officer Nikolay Komarov with 28 soldiers and two non-commissioned officers under his command were brought from Nikolayevsk-on-Amur by ship to construct the first buildings of the future city.
The Manza War in was the first attempt by Russia to expel Chinese from territory it controlled.
Hostilities broke out around Vladivostok when the Russians tried to shut off gold mining operations and expel Chinese workers there. A telegraph line from Vladivostok to Shanghai and Nagasaki was opened in That same year a commercial port was relocated to Vladivostok from Nikolayevsk-on-Amur.
Town status was granted on 22 April A coat of arms, representing the Siberian tiger , was adopted in March The first high school was opened in The city's economy was given a boost in , with the completion of the Trans-Siberian Railway , which connected Vladivostok to Moscow and Europe.
During the Russian Civil War , from May ,  they were overthrown by the White -allied Czechoslovak Legion ,  who declared the city to be an Allied protectorate. Vladivostok became the staging point for the Allies' Siberian intervention , a multi-national force including Japan, the United States, and China; China sent forces to protect the local Chinese community after demands on their merchants.
American troops marching in Vladivostok following Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War August In April , the city came under the formal governance of the Far Eastern Republic , a Soviet-backed buffer state between the Soviets and Japan.
Vladivostok then became the capital of the Japanese-backed Provisional Priamurye Government , created after a White Army coup in the city in May The withdrawal of Japanese forces in October spelt the end of the enclave, with Ieronim Uborevich 's Red Army taking the city on 25 October As the main naval base of the Soviet Pacific Fleet , Vladivostok was officially closed to foreigners during the Soviet years.
At the time, the two countries decided quantitative limits on nuclear weapons systems and banned the construction of new land-based ICBM launchers. Locals call Vladivostock also Vladik.
Since the maritime influence is strong in summer, Vladivostok has a relatively cold annual climate for its latitude. The average monthly precipitation, mainly in the form of snow, is around Snow is common during winter, but individual snowfalls are light, with a maximum snow depth of only 5 centimeters 2.
During winter, clear sunny days are common. Summers are warm, humid and rainy, due to the East Asian monsoon. Vladivostok receives most of its precipitation during the summer months, and most summer days see some rainfall. The winter months from December to March are dry, and in some years they have seen no measurable precipitation at all.