Rugby league referee course online The Course comprises of ten units of online learning and some facetoface learning. Once you have completed the online and facetoface sessions, you will have gained the skills and knowledge needed to be a fair and effective referee. The Course comprises ten units of study, after which you will be directed to your local Referees' Association for some facetoface rugby league referee course online Requirements for Certification: Current USA Rugby membership, including registration as a referee, attend and participate in all course modules, pass online law exam and rugby ready exam prior to course, and complete short safety quiz administered at course site.
Physical performance indicators were collated from 23 match officials, resulting in 78 observations. Match officials were categorised into two groups: referees and touch judges. Multivariate analysis modelled the main effect of the officiating role with follow up univariate analyses identifying significant differences.
Results provide important guidance in the development of training programs for match officials. Key words: microtechnology, referee, team sport, performance analysis Introduction Not dissimilar to other football codes, rugby league RL can be characterised as an intermittent team sport that requires players to combine high intensity running efforts with periods of lower-intensity activity Gabbett et al.
This characterisation stems from the wealth of literature that has profiled the movement demands of players amongst differing levels of competition Gabbett, , ; Johnston et al.
However, the movement profiles of RL match officials appear to be slightly more ambiguous, with the scarcity of notational research focused toward these important match participants.
Generally, there are two types of RL officials: the middle referee, who enforces the laws of the game and imposes penalties when breached, and the touch judges, who assist with matters relating to the sidelines referred to as touch and end of the field referred to as touch in-goal play Australian Rugby League Commission, Given the focused roles of the middle referee and touch judges, it could be expected that both may exhibit different physical match activity profiles.
For example, the middle referee presides over the x 68 m rectangular playing field, continually adjusting their field position to remain alongside the play of the ball. In contrast, the touch judges move along the boundary of the playing field and within the in-goal area at each end of the playing field during goal kicks.
Immediately following the goal kick ruling, the touch judges sprint to the sideline position at the opposite end of the field so the game may resume play. Preliminary research on RL match officials has, to date, examined the middle referee role for elite competition demonstrating that elite RL referees NRL; premier RL competition within Australia and New Zealand and English Super League cover average total distances between 6, to 8, m during match-play Hoare, ; Kay and Gill, ; Murray, Despite only being conducted on middle referees, the above cited work has provided a basis for the development of training interventions reflective of match-play demands.
Prior work investigating the activity demands of sub-elite match officials examined the internal response of both touch judges and middle referees during competition Pearce et al.
Sub-elite RL officials exhibited considerable physiological stress during match-play, with both middle referees and touch judges demonstrating similar cardiovascular stress during competition Pearce et al. However, the middle referees reported a greater RPE post-match compared to the touch judges of the same game.
The authors suggested that this greater perception of effort represented increased psychological stress due to the primary adjudicative responsibilities of the middle referee during competition Pearce et al. Consequently, investigating both middle referees and touch judges may provide more comprehensive scaffolding for the development of training interventions specific to the officiating role.
In acknowledgement of this, the NRL introduced two middle referees main referee and pocket referee in Australian Rugby League Commission, However, this addition has not yet extended to sub-elite RL competitions, with competitions still officiated with a traditional sequence e.
To this end, there is yet to be a study investigating whether the physical activity profiles of sub-elite match officials differ according to the officiating role during RL matchplay.
This study aimed to address this gap by comparing the physical activity profiles of middle referees and touch judges during competition. Subsequent findings may provide important practical applications for the establishment of physical training interventions for RL match officials.
Methods A quantitative cross sectional observational research design was used to address the study hypothesis. The James Cook University Human Research Ethics Committee provided ethical approval, and written informed consent was obtained from all participants prior to the study commencement.
All experimental procedures were in accordance with the international standards for sport and exercise science research Harriss and Atkinson, The activity profiles of match officials originating from two semi-elite competitions were quantified across a total of 26 matches.
Participants A total of 23 referees Each match official had been training regularly subsequent to the preseason in early November sessions per week at a moderate to high intensity and had met the fitness level criteria stipulated by the relevant referee associations.
Match officials were then split into two groups based upon their officiating role during each match: middle referees or touch judges, with the physical profiles of both officiating groups then being compared to test the study hypothesis.
Measures Data were collected over the course of 26 matches resulting in a total of 78 observations. From a total of 78 observations, 26 were contributed from the middle referees and 52 from the touch judges.
The uneven spread in match official observations was due to the officiating rules imposed by the Australian Rugby League Commission , and was somewhat inevitable. The activity profiles of both officiating groups were examined across the first half, second half and entire match.
Procedures Microtechnology was used to quantify the physical match activity profiles of all officials participating in this study. Prior to data collection, each match official role was allocated with one GPS unit, which they wore throughout the entire data collection period.
In accordance with the recommendations from previous research Jennings et al. The HDOP provides an indication of the positional signal determined by the geometrical organisation of the satellites accuracy with values usually ranging from 1 to 50 Witte and Wilson, A higher HDOP value i.
The data were downloaded after each match using propriety analysis software Catapult Sprint Version 5. The criterion variables examined in the current study were similar to previous research Hulin and Gabbett, ; Woods et al.
The 10 Hz minimaxX GPS unit had demonstrated acceptable clinometric properties when quantifying these listed match and locomotive metrics Jennings et al. Multivariate analysis of variance MANOVA modelled the main effect of match officials two levels: middle referee, touch judge separately across the first half, second half, and entire match.
Results The descriptive statistics for each match official group are displayed in Table 1.
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Follow up analysis indicated that middle referees covered a greater total distance and relative distance in the first half, second half and entire match compared to touch judges Table 1.
Additionally, middle referees experienced a significantly greater maximum velocity during the second half and entire match compared to touch judges Table 1.